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Early American Narratives

Harriet (Hattie) Turner was born around 1735 on Popes Creek Plantation and was one of the 64 slaves of Augustine Washington. At his death in 1743, she went to his third son, John Augustine Washington, whose Bushfield Plantation was in Westmoreland County, 95 miles southeast of Mount Vernon. John Augustine Washington's wife was Hannah Bushrod.

Then Hattie went to their son, Bushrod Washington, George's favorite nephew. Bushrod is short, slight, pale, and blind in one eye. He enlists in the army.

She ran away, and when he recaptured her, Bushrod sold her further south, to a wealthy Scots farmer in Cross Creek, North Carolina. Both slaves and masters spoke Gaelic in that Highlander family, so she knows enough to get by in Gaelic. The MacDonalds were involved with the loyalists in the Battles of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina on February 27, 1776.

She moved to Philadelphia and became a domestic worker. She met her husband, Caleb Turner, in Philadelphia. He is a freedman originally born into slavery on a South Carolina rice plantation, but then he was sold to a man in Charles Town who made him a cabinet maker. When he gained his freedom, he moved to Philadelphia but could not find work as a cabinet maker, so he sold pies as a huxter or street vendor. They have just earned enough to start their own pie shop in Philadelphia.

Visit my pie shop.

Their son is Josiah, who is a dock worker/ sailor. He has his eye on Jenny, the daughter of a lay preacher. The Turners have also adopted a girl, Kizzy, who ran away from slavery. Kizzy is now a seamstress who can help out with their shop.

Hattie Turner's sister is Sukey, and her brother is Peter, who ran away and became a privateer because less questions are asked on such ships. She has a friend, Martha.

Caleb's father was captured and brought to the colonies. Since the first owner of Caleb's father was Mr. Turner, Caleb used that as his private surname until he was freed. Caleb's brother is John.

Caleb's father was born in the Kingdom of Kongo and spoke Kikongo and Portuguese. He was a Mestre, taught in school to be a school teacher and given Christian instruction, which he passed on to others as there was a shortage of clergy. In Kongo, they grew cassava, bananas, maize, sweet potatoes, beans, and taro. They were Christians but also kept their old ways. They traded in ivory, copperware, raffia cloth, and pottery. The eastern part was especially known for its cloth. The bakulu are ancestors, and the Kongoese had a four-day week with the third day being sacred.

Josiah Turner has joined the colonial army as a substitute for someone else. Josiah knows Peter Salem, who was at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Possible girlfriends/wives, if Jenny doesn't work, include:
Tina
Possible children include:
Don (Donald) - named after the child's maternal grandfather, who was named Donald because he was owned by a Scotsman. However, this would cause unpleasant reminders for Hattie.
Frank (Francis)

They are friends with the wealthy Forten family in Philadelphia. They also know Benjamin Banneker, who has built a wooden clock that keeps precise time and is now doing astronomical calculations.

Hattie Turner is friends with the now-freed Phillis Wheatley of Boston.

The Turners attend St. George Methodist Episcopal. (Richard Allen will attend St. George in the 1780s and later found the African Methodist Episcopal in Philadelphia in 1787).

Pax Romana and Kush

Khattie is a Kushite woman named Amani-khatashan (Khattie). She is descended from Amanirenas, the Kushite queen or kandake who led the Kushites against the Romans during the time of Marc Antony and Cleopatra.

When Marc Antony lost to Octavian, Rome controlled Egypt, negotiated with Kush, and made Kush a client kingdom. The Romans appointed a viceroy or tyrannus. The Kushites sacked Aswan with 30,000 men and destroyed imperial statues at Philae. Gaius Petronius, the prefect of Egypt, pushed back the Kushites to Pselchis (Dakka) and eventually sacked the city. Then the Romans sacked Napata before returning to Alexandria with prisoners and loot. But first, Petronius set up a garrison at Primus with 400 men, but the Kushites attacked it. Petronius came back, and the Kushites sued for peace, sending envoys to Emperor Augustus. Then Nero comes to Kush, possibly to spy out the land.

Khattie is a trader in ebony, ivory, and gold. She also sends back information about the Romans to the Kushite king and his kandake also named Amanikhatashan, for the Kushites are afraid that the Romans want to change the client kingdom status to that of direct Roman control. For that reason, she currently lives in Alexandria, but she has brought with her painted pottery with giraffes on them to remind her of home. She was born during the reign of Natakamani.

Star Wars

I am Hattie Terson, a Korun. Like all Korunnai, I am Force-sensitive, (but we call the Force �Pelekotan.�). My parents came from the planet Haruun Kal, a Mid Rim world, and are of the gh�sh Windu, or clan of Windu. One of my late aunts was the mother of Mace Windu, but my aunt died before Mace reached his Name Day.

My parents left Haruun Kal because of the cyclical Summertime War between the native Korunnai and the off-world Balawai that has occurred since 52 BBY [it will continue 30 years]. They moved first to Gevarno in the Gevarno Cluster and traded in Portaak amber (a resin from Haruun Kal) and Lammas wood (also from Haruun Kal). Although they could�ve gotten rich of trading Portaak leaf, they didn�t because the Korunnai want to save the Portakk leaf for their grassers (animals). However, my parents didn�t feel safe in Gevarno [separatist forces will go there after the Summertime War, and the planet is loyal to the Confederacy of Independent Systems in the Clone Wars]. So they moved to Coruscant.

Now I own and drive an air taxi in Coruscant, which I�ve named �Grasser� in honor of my parent�s homeland. I fly a lot of students around University of Coruscant, Southern Campus. In my off-time, I also have a personal ship, which I call the D�shalo (�clan-brother.�)

I am married to �Cal� Caladian Terson, who is a Chin-bret fan. Our son is Josiah Terson. Josiah works in the Column Commons. He produces holodramas for various races and educational/philanthropic causes. He also does some holonews spots.

Possible girlfriends/wives include:
Tindella - if from Coruscant
Tika - if from Coruscant
Tine
Tinian
Tia - can be from Alderaan or Bestine IV
Tiatkin - Twi'lek
Possible children include:
Donal - Coruscanti name

My friend is Martha, whose husband is Lucien. Martha is a doctor. Cal�s closest chin-bret buddy is Wendell, whose wife is Astri. Josiah�s friends include Derek and Lissa.

I've visited Haruun Kal, which is in the Al'Har system and is on the Gevarno Loop (circular hyperspace route). It has a Moon belt instead of a moon. Everyone lives on the Korunnal Highland, for it is the only plateau high enough to be above the toxic gases of the cloudsea that fill the lowlands. The Korunnal Highland is a large as a continent, and it is mostly filled with jungle.

Haruun Kal curse, from starwars.com/wiki/Phrase -- Shee!

Lion's Den

I am Henriqueta Touro, and I and my family will come to the court of Arthur Tudor as traders from the Gold Coast, via Portugal. We come as part of the Portuguese delegation sent by the Portuguese king and queen, Manuel and Katherine's sister Maria, in honor of King Arthur�s birthday. We would go back after the festivities, but I predict that a London merchant will ask us to stay so he can teach us English and have us facilitate trade with the Gold Coast.

I am a descendant of a nana [Akan queen mother] of the Fanti who has married a mesti�o named Calebe Touro. I am also descended from Ethiopians who traveled with Muslim traders and ended up along the Gold Coast. My name may actually be Amanikhatashan, but among Europeans, my name is Henriqueta.

My husband, Calebe was born in 1483 and is 28 in 1509. My husband�s father was the second son of a fidalgo from Portugal, and he worked with Diogo de Azambuja, a knight of the Order of Avis who built S�o Jorge da Mina Castle in 1482 on the site of the village called Amankwakurom or Amankwa. Calebe�s mother was from Cape Verde. Like many mesti�o, Calebe conducted trade in the Gold Coast (present-day Ghana) alongside Portuguese ships. He has recently gotten involved in a Portuguese fleet that goes from Mina to Lisbon, and from Lisbon, he began working more directly for the royal household. (Fort S�o Jorge da Mina de Ouro, shortened to Mina, was established in 1482). The Portuguese governor in Mina in 1509 is either Bobadilha or Manuel de G�is, depending on which part of the year you are referring to.

We have a young son, Josias.

Henriqueta's associate is Violamte de Salldanha
Calebe's associates are Joam Allvarez and Pero da Cunha. Joam knows English.
The Portuguese ambassador is Affonso de Xamora

Once at the Tudor court, we will make friends with John Blanke, a black trumpeter for Henry VII and (in history) for Henry VIII.

Historically, a continuous black presence in England probably started in 1555 when John Lok, a London merchant, brought five Africans from Shama on the West African coast (probably the Gold Coast). He brought them over so they could learn English and help with the Gold Coast trade. As I am writing in an alternative thread, it happens earlier here.

Harriet

"Hattie" is short for "Harriet." The name Harriet was first used in the 17th century and was common in the 18th and early 19th century. It was made popular because of a character in Samuel Richardson's 1751 novel, Sir Charles Grandison.

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman was called the Moses of her people, for she brought many out of slavery. I remember reading a book about her as a child several decades ago, and I was moved by her courage and strength. I named my character after her, for in the story, she called herself "Hattie" when talking to her family. I wish I could say she had a good life after saving so many people, but that isn't what happened.

Harriet Tubman was born to slaves Benjamin Ross and Harriet Green around 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland. She grew up as Harriet Ross, but her family called her Araminta or Minty, a name her mother gave her. At the age of five, she was rented out as a domestic servant to a neighboring family, the Cooks. At the age of 13, her overseer or owner threw a two-pound lead weight at another slave, but it hit her in the head because she put herself between the master and the slave, who was running away. She experienced blackouts for the rest of her life, which made her life calling even more dangerous.

In 1844, she married a free man, John Tubman, who lived on a plantation close by. After her master died between 1847 and 1849, she worked for Anthony Thompson, who was the legal guardian of her new master. When her young master died, there were rumors that Thompson would sells slaves out of state. Tubman ran away that year without her husband, because her husband refused to come with her. Her two brothers fled with her, but they became scared and later turned back. She fled to Philadelphia and worked as a scrubwoman. She went back to Maryland two years later to bring her husband, but he had already remarried.

But fleeing to Philadelphia didn't make her safe, especially after the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 helped southern slaveowners to re-capture escaped slaves. Soon after she freed herself from slavery, she became involved in the abolitionist movement. She also was an agent on the Underground Railroad, helping people with food, shelter, money, clothing, etc. She went to the South 19 times to rescue up to 300 blacks from slavery. Her first mission was in 1850 to rescue her sister and two children escape from Baltimore, Maryland. The slaveowners from Maryland eventually offered $40,000 to anyone who caught her. In 1851, she rescued her brother and his wife, and in 1857, she rescued her parents.

After settling many in Canada, she lived in Saint Catharines, Canada West, in what is now Ontario. Then she lived in Auburn, New York. She met John Brown in 1858 and helped him helped with his raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia in 1859, but she could not participate in it because of sickness.

During the Civil War, she was a scout, spy, and nurse for the Union army. She went from camp to camp along the southern coast, nursing as she went and supporting herself by selling eggs, chickens, root beer, and pies. She recruited some blacks in South Carolina to be spies and scouts, collecting information about the Confederates.

After the war ended, she eventually went to Auburn to care for her parents. In 1869, she married a Civil War veteran, Nelson Davis. She helped support her penniless family by farming. Also in 1869, she published a book on her life written for her by Sarah H. Bradford called Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. She received some royalties, but she had to agitate for almost 30 years for $1,800 in pay for being a Civil War nurse and cook. The problem was she had never formally enlisted, and of course, she was a woman. In 1890, she finally received a monthly pension from Congress of $20 a month - as a widow of a war veteran, not for her own work.

After the Civil War, she supported women's rights and knew Susan B. Anthony. In 1896, she was a delegate to the National Federation of Afro-American Women, an association which later became the National Association of Colored Women. She often took in orphans and the aged, helped establish schools for ex-slaves, and wanted to create a home for poor blacks but did not have enough money to build on the land she bought through a bank loan. In 1903, she gave the land to the African Methodist Epsicopal Zion Church, and in 1908 they built the Harriet Tubman Home for Indigent and Aged Negroes.

Tubman died at the age of 93 on March 10, 1913. A year after her death, Booker T. Washington gave a memorial address in honor of what she had accomplished.

In 1990, the United States Congress declared March 10 as Harriet Tubman Day. It was passed by the Senate March 6 and the House March 7.

Sources:

"Harriet Ross Tubman." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Vol. 15. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 330-331. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. SAN DIEGO CITY COLLEGE. 9 Mar. 2009 http://go.galegroup.com/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=cclc_sandiegocc.

Harriet Tubman Day. http://www.harriettubman.com/day.html

Humez, Jean M. "Tubman, Harriet." Americans at War. Ed. John P. Resch. Vol. 2: 1816-1900. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 169-171. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. SAN DIEGO CITY COLLEGE. 9 Mar. 2009 http://go.galegroup.com/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=cclc_sandiegocc.

Maxwell, Louise P. "Tubman, Harriet." Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Ed. Colin A. Palmer. Vol. 5. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2006. 2210-2212. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. SAN DIEGO CITY COLLEGE. 9 Mar. 2009 http://go.galegroup.com/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=cclc_sandiegocc.

Elfreth's Alley Elfreth's Alley

Both pictures of Elfreth's Alley, Philadelphia, PA, USA, from Brian Dunaway, 12-25-6, under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5.

My Novels:

Early American Narratives
New Tales From Middle Earth
Star Wars: The Saga
Narnia: Beyond the Wardrobe
Zone : History
Pax Romana - Out of Print
The Lion's Den

My Reference Books:

Kemet
Book of Ages
The Symposia
Infinite Worlds: The Realms of Speculative Fiction
From the Balcony

My Blog:

My Salons:

Paniverse Plottings

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My Pandas:

Panda
Yes! Josiah meets Captain Rogers (go Chala!) and connects with him. If only there were 2000 year old crystal glasses. Then it would be perfection in a Panda. :-)
Oct 03, 2018 05:04 am
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The Thanks for Letting Me Relive the Moment Panda for a Lovely Post
Sep 24, 2018 04:53 am
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The Well Yes Panda for Someone Who Was an Upstanding Citizen... But Why Is There a Web in the Cave?
Sep 09, 2018 04:33 am
Panda
For the fine senator of the Calaron Sector who represents the good people and the great planets of his sector and for Turman, who is such a jolly good fellow
Sep 02, 2018 05:27 am
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The Aaah, So Sweet and Bittersweet Panda for Glorious Writing
Aug 12, 2018 03:12 am


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